Thalassemia (Mediterranean anemia) is the most
common, inherited single gene disorder in the
world. Treatments for thalassemias have improved
greatly in the past few years. People who have
moderate and severe Thalassemia are now living
longer and have better quality of life than
Thalassemia is the name of a group of genetic blood disorders. To
understand how Thalassemia affects the human body, you must first
understand a little about how blood is made.
Hemoglobin is the oxygen-carrying component of
the red blood cells. It consists of two
different proteins, an alpha and a beta. If the
body doesn't produce enough of either of these
two proteins, the red blood cells do not form
properly and cannot carry sufficient oxygen. The
result is anemia that begins in early childhood
and lasts throughout life.
If you have
mild thalassemia, you may not need treatment.
But, if you have a more severe form of
thalassemia, you may need regular blood
transfusions. You can also take steps on your
own, such as eating a good diet, to help boost
Since Thalassemia is not a single disorder but a
group of related disorders that affect the human
body in similar ways, it is important to
understand the differences between the various
types of thalassemia.